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Searching for hazing research? Here are top hits cited by Google Scholar

Google Scholar top results for “hazing” query

[BOOK] Broken Pledges: The Deadly Rite of Hazing.

H Nuwer – 1990 – ERIC
The practice of hazing in college fraternities, sororities, high school clubs, professional
societies, business, the military, and secret societies is investigated. Through the retelling of
actual stories involving hazing, the book addresses the questions of why men and women

[BOOK] Wrongs of passage: Fraternities, sororities, hazing, and binge drinking

H Nuwer – 2001 –
” A grim… expos by hazing expert Nuwer of the continuing yet largely unacknowledged
crisis of death and injury among fraternity and sorority pledges….[F] or its sustained
examination of these rarely questioned traditions, Nuwer’s work is invaluable.”–Kirkus

[CITATION] High school hazing: When rites become wrongs

H Nuwer – 2000 – Franklin Watts

Prevalence and profiling: Hazing among college students and points of intervention

S Campo, G Poulos, JW Sipple – American journal of health …, 2005 –
Objective: To examine university students’ attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs related to hazing.
Methods: A random and representative sample of students completed a web-based survey
regarding team-building and initiation behaviors (N= 736). Results: Thirty-six percent of the

[BOOK] Hazing in view: college students at risk: initial findings from the National Study of Student Hazing

EJ Allan – 2009 –
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Documented problems related to student hazing include physical
and psychological harm and even death. Hazing in View: College Students at Risk provides
the initial findings of the National Study of Student Hazing. The research is based on the

[CITATION] Making the team: Inside the world of sport initiations and hazing

J Johnson, MJ Holman – 2004 – Canadian Scholars Press

Internship: Preparation or hazing?

N Cousins – Jama, 1981 –
Abstract For the past two years, I have been privileged to visit medical schools and hospitals
in various parts of the country. I have been able to meet with medical students and
physicians at various stages in their training and their careers. The weakest link in the entire

Understanding fraternity hazing: Insights from symbolic interactionist theory.

S Sweet – Journal of College Student Development, 1999 –
Abstract The author discusses hazing, which remains a major problem on college
campuses. The sources of data used in this discussion included informal unstructured
interviews with 20 current and former Greek organizations, the author’s participation on the

The relationship between hazing and team cohesion

JL Van Raalte, AE Cornelius, DE Linder… – Journal of Sport …, 2007 –
Abstract Hazing has been widespread throughout history as a form of initiation into
fraternities, service clubs, schools, and sport teams. Legislation and anti-hazing 
programming have been in effect for a number of years to reduce the negative effects and

Going to College and Unpacking Hazing: A Functional Approach to Decrypting Initiation Practices Among Undergraduates.

CF Keating, J Pomerantz, SD Pommer… – Group Dynamics …, 2005 –
Abstract 1. Initiation practices likely support group functioning by promoting group-relevant
skills and attitudes, reinforcing status hierarchies, and stimulating cognitive, behavioral, and
affective forms of social dependency. In field tests of these propositions, 269 undergraduates

Traumatic injuries caused by hazing practices

MA Finkel – The American journal of emergency medicine, 2002 – Elsevier
Hazing is defined as committing acts against an individual or forcing an individual into
committing an act that creates a risk for harm in order for the individual to be initiated into or
affiliated with an organization. Hazing is an enduring activity with roots that date back to the

[HTML] Hazing as a process of boundary maintenance in an online community

C Honeycutt – Journal of Computer?Mediated Communication, 2005 – Wiley Online Library
Abstract Online as well as offline, elite members of communities may seek to consolidate
their power and maintain inequality by employing processes of boundary maintenance. One
form of boundary maintenance is hazing, or subjecting potential group members to

[BOOK] The hazing reader

H Nuwer – 2004 –
Despite numerous highly publicized incidents and widespread calls for reform, hazing 
continues to plague many of the nation’s institutions. In this volume, noted hazing researcher
Hank Nuwer presents 15 classic or never-before-published essays that can help all of us,

Deaths linked to bullying and hazing

J Srabstein – International journal of adolescent medicine and health, 2008 –
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of news reports of deaths
associated with bullying and hazing among young people over a period of 57 years. This
study was based on a survey of death events linked to bullying or hazing reported in English

Hazing: Hidden campus crime

BB Hollmann – New Directions for Student Services, 2002 – Wiley Online Library
Abstract Initiation traditions and rites of passage are important for group and team
membership, but the violent behavior and alcohol abuse involved in hazing constitute
serious campus crime. This chapter helps campus administrators develop new strategies for

Attitudes toward fraternity hazing among fraternity members, sorority members, and non-Greek students

CE Drout, CL Corsoro – Social Behavior and Personality: an …, 2003 –
This study was designed to look at differences between Greek and non-Greek college
students’ perceptions of a hazing incident that had taken place in a fraternity setting.
Subjects were 231 students (112 Greeks, 119 independents) at a moderate size state

Male team sport hazing initiations in a culture of decreasing homohysteria

E AndersonM McCormack… – Journal of Adolescent …, 2012 –
In this longitudinal ethnographic research, we report on 7 years of hazing rituals on two
separate men’s sports teams at one university in the United Kingdom. Using 38 in-depth
interviews alongside naturalistic observations of the initiation rituals, we demonstrate that

Bullying and hazing among Norwegian army soldiers: Two studies of prevalence, context, and cognition.

K Østvik, F Rudmin – Military Psychology, 2001 –
Abstract 1. Two questionnaire studies examined the social and cognitive contexts of bullying
among conscripts in the Norwegian Army. Replicated prevalence was 12%. Study 1 (N= 696
soldiers, aged 18–27 yrs) found that (1) bullying requires familiarity,(2) victims’ and

Running the gauntlet: An examination of initiation/hazing and sexual abuse in sport

SL Kirby, G Wintrup – Journal of sexual aggression, 2002 – Taylor & Francis
Abstract When does sport initiation become sexual abuse? What can sport organisations do
to ensure that the practice of sport is a safe and high quality experience for all? In this paper
research on the initiation practices used by the military and North American universities and

Hazing of suburban middle school and high school athletes

JC Gershel, RJ Katz-Sidlow, E Small… – Journal of Adolescent …, 2003 – Elsevier
Little is known about the prevalence of hazing behaviors among adolescent athletes. Our
survey of 1105 6th–12th grade athletes found that 17.4% had been subjected to practices
that qualify as hazing. Many of these teenagers do not comprehend the abusive and

Jumping through hoops and walking on egg shells or discrimination, hazing, and abuse of students with disabilities?

BA Marks – Journal of Nursing Education, 2000 –
Abstract I am delighted that the Journal of Nursing Education is beginning to address the
experiences of people with disabilities in nursing schools as seen in Donna Carol
Maheady’s (1999) article” Jumping Through Hoops, Walking on Egg Shells: The

Developing an instrument to assess college students’ attitudes toward pledging and hazing in Greek letter organizations

K Cokley, K Miller, D Cunningham… – College Student …, 2001 –
In spite of their long history of being a part of many college students’ experiences, fraternities
and sororities have often been maligned. It is believed by some observers that the benefits
of Greek letter membership are outweighed by the disadvantages. In fact, the very existence

Institutional and Organization Liability for Hazing in Intercollegiate and Professional Team Sports

RB Crow, SR Rosner – . John’s L. Rev., 2002 – HeinOnline
Introduction Although hazing was originally associated with stereotypical fraternal
organizations, it is now common in both interscholastic and intercollegiate sports. Hazing,
however, is not limited to amateur athletics. There is a long tradition of hazing rookies in

[CITATION] Hazing and gender: Analyzing the obvious

EJ Allan – The hazing reader, 2004 – Indiana University Press …

Men and women’s experiences with hazing in a male-dominated elite military institution

JL Pershing – Men and Masculinities, 2006 –
Numerous studies have documented the prevalence of hazing rituals and other rites of
initiation in predominantly male organizations, including the military. However, little is known
about how gender is related to hazing, specifically in male-dominated institutions where

Fraternity hazing revisited: Current alumni and active member attitudes toward hazing.

JL Baier, PS Williams – Journal of College Student Personnel, 1983 –
Abstract 1. Examined hazing practices at a large state university and compared the attitudes
of 440 active members and 420 alumni members of the fraternity system toward 22 hazing 
practices. Significant differences were found between active and alumni members with

The evolution of hazing: Motivational mechanisms and the abuse of newcomers

A Cimino – Journal of Cognition and Culture, 2011 –
Hazing-the abuse of new or prospective group members-is a widespread and puzzling
feature of human social behavior, occurring in divergent cultures and across levels of
technological complexity. Some past research has examined the effect of hazing on hazees,

[CITATION] Sport-related hazing: An inquiry into male and female involvement

J Bryshun, K Young – … and gender in …, 1999 – Oxford University Press Don Mills …

The hazing machine: The shaping of Brazilian military police recruits

CL de Albuquerque, E Paes?Machado – Policing and Society, 2004 – Taylor & Francis
This article deals with the hazing carried out when new recruits enter the Military Police
Academy of Bahia, Brazil, and questions the implications for police identity and education.
Using data collected from 31 interviews and academic materials written by the recruits, it

Violence in youth sports: hazing, brawling and foul play

SK Fields, CL Collins, RD Comstock – British journal of sports …, 2010 –
Abstract By separating hazing, brawling, and foul play and failing to recognise that their
connection to sport binds them together into a cohesive subset of sport injury and youth
violence, past research has failed to show how sports-related violence is a broad example of

Crossing the line: Rites of passage, team aspects, and ambiguity of hazing

JJ Waldron, CL Kowalski – Research quarterly for exercise and …, 2009 – Taylor & Francis
Framed within the psychosocial context of the sport ethic and social-approval goal
orientation, 10 female and 11 male current collegiate or former high school athletes
participated in individual interviews about their hazing experiences. Data analysis resulted

Hazing and the Rush toward Reform: Responses from Universities, Fraternities, State Legislatures, and the Courts

SJ Curry – JC & UL, 1989 – HeinOnline
The relationship between fraternities’ and institutions of higher education has spawned a
series of complex legal issues, ranging from zoning disputes2 to fraternity bannings. 3 But
more than any other fraternity activity, a part of the initiation ceremony known as” hazing

[CITATION] Hazing in student organizations: Prevalence, attitudes, and solutions

S Owen, T Burke, D Vichesky – Oracle: The Research Journal of the Association of …, 2008

Cognitive dissonance in athletic hazing: The roles of commitment and athletic identity.

SL Hinkle Smith, MB Stellino – Journal of Sport & Exercise …, 2007 –
Abstract Media attention paid to hazing incidents on university and high school sport teams
brings to light the atrocious activities that athletes are being forced to engage in order to
gain” membership” on a team. Research has shown that hazing activities can include

[PDF] A search for a theoretical understanding of hazing practices in athletics

M Holman – … team: Inside the world of sport initiations and hazing, 2004 –
The contention that violence is reflected in hazing practices relies on a definition of violence
that differs from the typical, day-to-day definitions. According to Ramazanoglu
(1987),“violence should be understood as any action or structure that diminishes another

Through the liminal: A comparative analysis of communitas and rites of passage in sport hazing and initiations

J Johnson – Canadian Journal of Sociology (Online), 2011 – JSTOR
Abstract. Hazing rituals and ceremonies have been described in traditional, historical world
cultures, junior and high school, the military, private schools, paramilitary organizations,
fraternities and sororities, as well as sport (Allan and Madden 2008; Bryshun and Young

Evaluation of a radar-activated, demand-performance bird hazing system

GR Stevens, J Rogue, R Weber, L Clark – International biodeterioration & …, 2000 – Elsevier
We evaluated a radar-activated integrated hazing system for the protection of waterfowl at
large contaminated ponds at a power plant. The hazing devices in the system included
acoustic alarm calls, pyrotechnics and chemical repellents dispersed in the form of a bird

Definitions of hazing: Differences among selected student organizations

C Ellsworth – 2004 –
Fraternities, sororities, military organizations, athletic groups, and marching bands
commonly are associated with hazing activities. Although such organizations have been
linked to hazing activities, the fact that there is no common definition of hazing has hindered

Hazing in high schools: Ending the hidden tradition

M Dixon – JL & Educ., 2001 – HeinOnline
On August 14, 1996, the first day of classes at Lamar High School in Arlington, Texas,
eleven juniors and seniors took six sophomores to a field away from the school campus and
hazed the sophomores by paddling, painting, and urinating on them.’Hazing is normally

[BOOK] Hazing in sport: An exploratory study of veteran/rookie relations

J Bryshun – 1997 –
This study investigates hazing rituals within sport subcultures. A recent escalation in public
concern with hazing both in and outside of sport has prornpted numerous investigations and
indictments of players, coaches, and administrators across North America. While many

Blowing the whistle against Greek hazing: The theory of reasoned action as a framework for reporting intentions

BK Richardson, Z Wang, CA Hall – Communication Studies, 2012 – Taylor & Francis
This study tests the applicability of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) framework to
whistle-blowing intentions within the context of Greek hazing. Participants (N= 259)
responded to a survey with one of three scenarios, varying in level of severity (“not

Regulation of rites: The effect and enforcement of current anti-hazing statutes

A Pelletier – New Eng. J. on Crim. & Civ. Confinement, 2002 – HeinOnline
The last decade has seen significant development in anti-hazing law. In 1990, only twenty-
five states had enacted statutes regulating hazing. 1 Currently, there are only seven states
that have yet to enact anti-hazing statutes. 2 These statutes generally codify hazing as a

[PDF] Hazing, masculinity, and collision sports:(Un) becoming heroes

EJ Allan, G DeAngelis – … : Inside the world of sport initiations and hazing, 2004 –
Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes (1999), found that 79% reported they had
experienced some form of hazing as part of an initiation to their athletic team. In Canada,
Holman (1995) and Johnson (2000, 2002) have analyzed hazing experiences of college

Nurse hazing: A costly reality

L Brown, D Middaugh – Medsurg Nursing, 2009 –
sion making when overseeing and managing staff and staff interactions. The role of the
nurse mana ger in dealing with horizontal violence in the workplace has re ceived inc
reased attention over the last few decades. Horizontal violence or horizontal hostility can be

Conceptualizing a meaningful definition of hazing in sport

RB Crow, EW Macintosh – European Sport Management Quarterly, 2009 – Taylor & Francis
Abstract Administrators, coaches, athletes and parents struggle to understand the definition
of hazing. Athletes at all levels of competition continue to subject themselves and their team-
mates to harmful behaviors. In particular, college athletes seem willing to do anything that

Dangerous traditions: Hazing rituals on campus and university liability

J MacLachlan – JC & UL, 1999 – HeinOnline
In 1945, at St. Louis University, a Phi Beta Pi Fraternity pledge named Robert Perry” went up
in flames and died when he was forced to lie naked on a table and receive shocks to his skin
coated with flammable chemicals.”‘More recently, Michael Davis, 2 Chuck Stenzel, 3 Scott

Institutional liability for hazing in interscholastic sports

SR Rosner, RB Crow – Hous. L. Rev., 2002 – HeinOnline
Hazing has been a part of life on college campuses throughout the United States for over
one hundred years. 1 While many individuals likely link this ritualistic behavior with the
stereotypical fraternal organization, another type of hazing has received a significant amount

The Criminalization of Fraternity, Non-Fraternity and Non-Collegiate Hazing

DMH Lewis – Miss. LJ, 1991 – HeinOnline
Criminal hazing statutes throughout America do not effectively deal with the reality that
hazing is a common occurrence in all segments of American life. 1 The practice of hazing is
cruel and sometimes physically and mentally dangerous to those hazed. 2 Present criminal

By Hank Nuwer

Journalist Hank Nuwer is the Alaska author of Hazing: Destroying Young Lives; Broken Pledges: The Deadly Rite of Hazing, High School Hazing, Wrongs of Passage and The Hazing Reader. He has written articles or columns on hazing for the Sunday Times of India, Toronto Globe & Mail, Harper's Magazine, Orlando Sentinel, The Chronicle of Higher Education and the New York Times Sunday Magazine. His current book is Hazing: Destroying Young Lives from Indiana University Press. He is married to Malgorzata Wroblewska Nuwer of Warsaw, Poland and Fairbanks, Alaska. Nuwer is a former columnist for the Greenville (Ohio)Early Bird and former managing editor of the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner in Alaska.
Nuwer was named the Ohio Society of Professional Journalists columnist of the year in 2021 for his “After Darke” column in the Early Bird. He also won third place for the column in 2022 from the Indiana chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists. He and his wife Gosia, recently of Union City, Ind., have owned 20 acres in Alaska for many years. “The move is a sort-of coming home for us,” said Nuwer. As a journalist, he’s written about the Alaskan Iditarod sled-dog race and other Alaska topics. Read his musings in his blog at Real Alaska Daily-- and in his weekly column "Far from Randolph" in the Winchester Star-Gazette of Randolph County, Indiana.

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